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Dukes of Richelieu: Cardinal Richelieu, Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot Du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Louis Fran ois Armand de Vignerot Du Plessis Books LLC

Dukes of Richelieu: Cardinal Richelieu, Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot Du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Louis Fran ois Armand de Vignerot Du Plessis

Books LLC

Published May 31st 2010
ISBN : 9781156239568
Paperback
46 pages
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Chapters: Cardinal Richelieu, Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot Du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Louis Franois Armand de Vignerot Du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Duke of Richelieu, Duke of Fronsac, Louis Antoine Sophie de Vignerot Du Plessis, Armand Jean deMoreChapters: Cardinal Richelieu, Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot Du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Louis Franois Armand de Vignerot Du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Duke of Richelieu, Duke of Fronsac, Louis Antoine Sophie de Vignerot Du Plessis, Armand Jean de Vignerot Du Plessis. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 45. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu (9 September 1585 4 December 1642) was a French clergyman, noble, and statesman. Consecrated as a bishop in 1608, he later entered politics, becoming a Secretary of State in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Church and the state, becoming a cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIIIs chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642- he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he fostered. The Cardinal de Richelieu was often known by the title of the Kings Chief Minister or First Minister. As a result, he is considered to be the worlds first Prime Minister, in the modern sense of the term. He sought to consolidate royal power and crush domestic factions. By restraining the power of the nobility, he transformed France into a strong, centralized state. His chief foreign policy objective was to check the power of the Austro-Spanish Habsburg dynasty. Although he was a cardinal, he did not hesitate to make alliances with Protestant rulers in attempting to achieve this goal. His tenure was marked by the Thirty Years War that engulfed Europe. Richelieu was also famous for his patronage of the arts- most notably, he founded the Acadmie Franaise, the learned society responsible for matters pertaining to the French language. Richelieu is also known by the sobriquet lminence rouge (the Red Eminence), from the red shade of a cardinals vestments and the style ...More: http://booksllc.net/?id=85254